How Is The Federal Bureaucracy Organized Quizlet?

What is the structure and purpose of the federal bureaucracy quizlet?

The federal bureaucracy is composed of a large number of agencies and its purpose is to execute the laws of the United States.

What is the structure and purpose of the federal bureaucracy.

Hierarchical authority, job specialization, and formalized rules..

Why is the federal bureaucracy called the fourth branch of government?

An argument made for calling administrative agencies a “fourth branch” of government is the fact that such agencies typically exercise all three constitutionally divided powers within a single bureaucratic body: That is, agencies legislate (a power vested solely in the legislature by the Constitution) through delegated …

How do Congress the President and private citizens check the bureaucracy?

Both Congress and the president exercise direct oversight over the bureaucracy by holding hearings, making appointments, and setting budget allowances. Citizens exercise their oversight powers through their use of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and by voting.

Who manages the federal bureaucracy?

the presidentMost directly, the president controls the bureaucracies by appointing the heads of the fifteen cabinet departments and of many independent executive agencies, such as the CIA, the EPA, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

How is the federal bureaucracy organized?

A bureaucracy is a particular government unit established to accomplish a specific set of goals and objectives as authorized by a legislative body. … In the U.S. government, there are four general types: cabinet departments, independent executive agencies, regulatory agencies, and government corporations.

Why is federal bureaucracy important?

The federal bureaucracy performs three primary tasks in government: implementation, administration, and regulation. When Congress passes a law, it sets down guidelines to carry out the new policies. Actually putting these policies into practice is known as implementation.

What is the largest organizational unit in the federal bureaucracy?

cabinet departmentsThe cabinet departments, the largest administrative units in the federal bureaucracy, have responsibility for broad areas of government operations such as foreign policy (Department of State) and law enforcement (Department of Justice).

Is the Federal Reserve part of the bureaucracy?

The Federal Reserve, like many other central banks, is an independent government agency but also one that is ultimately accountable to the public and the Congress. … The Federal Reserve does not receive funding through the congressional budgetary process.

What are the three defining features of a bureaucracy?

All bureaucracies share similar characteristics, including specialization, hierarchical organization, and formal rules. In the best circumstances, these characteristics allow a bureaucracy to function smoothly.

What are the 5 elements of the federal bureaucracy?

There are five types of organizations in the federal bureaucracy:Cabinet departments.Independent executive agencies.Independent regulatory agencies.Government corporations.Presidential commissions.

What is the largest department in the federal government?

The first chart shows the largest departments: Defense, Health and Human Services, and Social Security. The three used to vie for top spot, but Defense has been left in the dust in recent years as the two entitlement-dispensing agencies have continued to grow. The federal government now has two $1 trillion agencies.

Which features of a federal bureaucracy help it to run efficiently?

Two other features of the bureaucracy help it to run efficiently: job specialization and formalized rules. Job specialization means that each person in the organization is required to focus on one particular job. Therefore, the worker gains a set of specialized skills and knowledge.

What is the biggest downside to holding a patronage position in the federal bureaucracy?

What is the biggest downside to holding a patronage position in the federal bureaucracy? hybrids of political appointments and civil service positions.

What is the federal bureaucracy quizlet?

Bureaucracy. a large complex administrative structure that handles the everyday business of an organization. US Federal Bureaucracy. A large complex organization made up of the Executive Office of the President , Executive Departments (Cabinet), and Independent Agencies.

What is the federal bureaucracy sometimes called?

fourth branchList the reasons the federal bureaucracy is sometimes called the “fourth branch” of the government. Separation of powers, size, skills, and desire for security. What body has oversight over most American bureaucratic agencies? How does Congress use the General Accounting Office to check the federal bureaucracy?