Why Is It Important To Study Infectious Diseases?

Why is infectious disease important?

Non-communicable diseases are extremely important, but we need not lose sight of the fact that infectious diseases still account for significant mortality and morbidity.

Projections suggest that over the next few decades, infectious diseases will still account for one of five deaths globally [8]..

What is the infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless or even helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease. Some infectious diseases can be passed from person to person.

What diseases does an infectious disease doctor treat?

An infectious disease (ID) specialist is (see below, “Subspecialty/Fellowship Training”*) an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases caused by microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses (such as HIV and hepatitis), fungi and parasites.

Why is it important to study diseases?

It can provide important information about disease trends and risk factors, outcomes of treatment or public health interventions, functional abilities, patterns of care, and health care costs and use.

Are infectious diseases curable?

Many human illnesses are caused by infection with either bacteria or viruses. Most bacterial diseases can be treated with antibiotics, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. Viruses pose a challenge to the body’s immune system because they hide inside cells.

Why is it important to prevent infectious diseases?

Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others: Wash your hands often. This is especially important before and after preparing food, before eating and after using the toilet.

What is the leading infectious disease?

Tuberculosis is now the leading infectious disease threat in the world, killing more people than HIV/AIDS, as reported today by the World Health Organization.

Why is it important to study global health?

Global health is an important security phenomenon. Populations that are not healthy, where disease can ravage the can ravage groups, can actually create political insecurity, political instability. We also can use global health, not only to improve stability, but as diplomatic tools and many countries do this.

What is the study of diseases called?

What Is Epidemiology? Epidemiology is the study of diseases in given populations. Epidemiologists examine how and where disease outbreaks start, how diseases are transmitted among individuals in a population and how to effectively treat those diseases.

Which disease has no cure?

cancer. dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease. stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.

How can we protect ourselves from infectious diseases?

Learn these healthy habits to protect yourself from disease and prevent germs and infectious diseases from spreading.Handle & Prepare Food Safely. … Wash Hands Often. … Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve. … Don’t Share Personal Items. … Get Vaccinated. … Avoid Touching Wild Animals.More items…

What are the examples of infectious diseases?

Protect yourself and your family from preventable infectious diseasesCoronaviruses. … Diphtheria. … Ebola. … Flu (Influenza) … Hepatitis. … Hib Disease. … HIV/AIDS. … HPV (Human Papillomavirus)More items…

What diseases do doctors have to report?

Diseases reportable to the CDC include:Anthrax.Arboviral diseases (diseases caused by viruses spread by mosquitoes, sandflies, ticks, etc.) such as West Nile virus, eastern and western equine encephalitis.Babesiosis.Botulism.Brucellosis.Campylobacteriosis.Chancroid.Chickenpox.More items…•

Who is responsible for reporting communicable diseases?

Reports should be made to the local health department in the county in which the patient resides and need to be submitted within 24 hours of diagnosis. However, some diseases warrant prompt action and should be reported immediately to local health departments by phone.

Why is it important to report diseases?

Reporting of cases of communicable disease is important in the planning and evaluation of disease prevention and control programs, in the assurance of appropriate medical therapy, and in the detection of common-source outbreaks.

What are 5 common types of infectious diseases?

Common Infectious DiseasesChickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

There are different types of pathogens, but we’re going to focus on the four most common types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

Why is it important health?

Being healthy should be part of your overall lifestyle. Living a healthy lifestyle can help prevent chronic diseases and long-term illnesses. Feeling good about yourself and taking care of your health are important for your self-esteem and self-image. Maintain a healthy lifestyle by doing what is right for your body.

How can we prevent the spread of infectious diseases?

Infectious Diseases: PreventionWashing your hands with soap and water, thoroughly and frequently.Covering your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough.Disinfecting frequently touched surfaces in your home and workplace.Avoiding contact with sick people or sharing personal items with them.Not drinking or swimming in contaminated water supplies.More items…•

What are the top 5 common viral infections?

Other common viral diseases include:Chickenpox.Flu (influenza)Herpes.Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS)Human papillomavirus (HPV)Infectious mononucleosis.Mumps, measles and rubella.Shingles.More items…

Is HPV a reportable disease?

HPV infection and other HPV-associated clinical conditions are not nationally reportable or required by CDC. However, some states or jurisdictions have made certain HPV-associated conditions reportable. Contact your state or jurisdiction health department for reporting requirements in your area.